Unfortunately, the answer is no, you can’t. This is a huge oversight of the dev team. One should be able to locate a base by selecting it in the Bases tab. But, no you can’t. The only time one has this options is when the option comes to select a location for a newly manufactured aircraft. This definately needs to be addressed.
Luckily, I try to side early with Synderion so I can build mist repellers. This makes finding my bases fairly easy.
It is rather fiddly, indeed : you have to either check out the name and remember where it’s located, circle through selections until it shines or use aircrafts. Because when an aircraft is at a base and you select it, that base would be thr first tab to open in the base menu.